What is Joint Pain?
Joint pain is an ache or soreness in the body joints, such as the knees, shoulders, elbows, feet, hips, hands, back , lower legs and even the jaw. Joint pain is normally caused by damage, which influences the bursae, tendon and the ligaments encompassing the joint. In some cases, joint pain is attributed to arthritis.
What is Bone Pain?
Bone Pain is a type of distress that happens in the bone tissue due to physical conditions and infections. Some types of bone pain can cause serious agony affecting day-to-day life while other types can be more sporadic. Bone pain can cause a dull or stabbing pain in the bone or bone region, such as the back, pelvis, legs, ribs, and arms, to name a few. Bone pain may aggravate at night or when you are active.
1. What are the common causes of Joint Pain?
Sprains and strains The most common causes of joint pain is a sprain, an injury to the ligaments, and a strain, an injury to the muscle. Ankle joints are most prone to sprains, whereas the hamstring muscle is most commonly strained.
Traumatic injury The primary symptom of a joint injury is pain. The injury may be in the form of a bone dislocation or fracture. A physical injury to the joint may come back years later as post-traumatic osteoarthritis, which is characterized by severe pain, discomfort, swelling, and in some cases, a restriction in joint movements.
Inflammation of tendons Excessive use of the tendons can cause inflammation and lead to tendonitis which causes pain just outside the joint. The most commonly affected areas include tendons in the shoulders, elbows, wrists and heels. Tennis elbow, swimmer’s shoulder, golfer’s elbow, and others are some of the common names for various types of tendinitis.
Bursitis Inflammation of the liquid-filled bursa is most commonly caused by regular, repetitive motions. It can lead to immobility of the joints if constant movement occurs.
Infections Infections cause symptoms like weakness, fever, rashes, loss of hunger, chills or body ache. Some infections may also cause joint pains. Gonorrhea, staphylococcus infection, strep throat, pneumonia, tuberculosis, and others are some of the bacterial infections which can get into the joints and cause swelling and significant pain.
Viral infections like hepatitis, rubella, chikungunya, and HIV can cause inflammation and pain in the joints along with symptoms of a fever. Chikungunya, characterized by an abrupt onset of a fever, is frequently accompanied by severe muscle and joint pains.
Hypothyroidism The proliferation and differentiation of bone and cartilage are influenced by the thyroid hormones. Hence, decrease in thyroid function, or hypothyroidism, can induce abnormalities in these tissues and cause muscle and joint aches.
Lupus If you have a rash on your cheek which appears like the unfolded wings of a butterfly, it could indicate lupus. This condition can affect different body systems, including the joints, causing severe pain.
Bone cancer This most commonly occurs in the long bones of the arms and legs, and mostly affects children under 20 as this is the age where musculoskeletal growth takes place. Painful bones and joints are the first sign of bone cancer in children which can be easily mistaken for minor sports injuries or pain due to growth spurts.
Osteonecrosis Also known as Avascular Necrosis, this is characterized by a loss of blood to the bone, which in turn can cause the bone to die. Initially, the condition is asymptomatic. But as it progresses, the affected bone and surrounding joint surface collapse which causes pain severe enough to interfere with the movement of the joint.
Side effects of medications Some medications can cause joint pain as a side effect.
2. What Causes Bone Pain?
Bone pain is caused by decreased bone thickness or wounds to your bones. Other bone pain causes include:
Bone breaks Bone injury is a common cause of bone pain. Generally, this pain arises when a person suffers an accident or fall that causes a fracture or break of the bone and thus, leading to bone pain.
Osteoporosis This occurs due to a lack of minerals in the body, such as calcium, phosphate and Vitamin D. It also can occur if there is contrast between new bone formation and existing bone resorption.
Leukemia This “disease of the blood” occurs as the result of an increase in white blood cells in our body. These extra white blood cells do not work properly thus causing problems in our body.
Diseases of the bone These diseases can occur due to a lack of calcium and Vitamin D in our body, which in turn can cause the weakening of bones, broken bones, joint pain, muscle weakness and more.
Lack of hormones This can be caused by menopause, which makes the bones weak day by day.
Abuse Abuse of the bone and development can cause damage.
Joint inflammation In this state, one or more joints swell, leading to inelegance and pain in different joints. This swelling occurs as a result of the chemicals in the body getting mixed in the blood or affected tissue.
Metastatic threat A malignancy that has spread from its purpose of birthplace.
Paget's Disease Paget's Disease affects certain areas of the bone causing bone pain, disproportion of bone, arthritis and bone injuries, such as fractures.
Intrusion of blood supply This can happen in instances of Sickle Cell Disease or in people with an iron deficiency.
Myeloma Myeloma is cancer of the plasma cells in the bone marrow. Bone marrow is a spongy material inside human bones that is also a part of the immune system. If the bone marrow gets affected, it can easily affect the other bones and make them weak. A few of the most important bones are the hip bones, breastbone, hand and leg bones, ribs and spine.
Bone pain is generally experienced by individuals who are moderately aged to old. This is because as you enter adulthood, your body experiences a lot of changes, some being the decrease of bone substitution, muscle size and bone thickness. Additionally, bone pain is more common in old individuals as their bones wear off naturally due to age.
Do I Have Joint Pain or Bone Pain?
Joint pain, as the name suggests, typically affects the joints, commonly the neck, shoulders, knees, wrists, and ankles, to name a few. Joint pain tends to be sharp and intense, especially in cases where the cartilage is fully worn or eroded. More often, joint pain is described as being dull and achy. Depending on the specific joint affected, joint pain can worsen with physical activity or overuse of joints.
The most noticeable symptom of bone pain is discomfort whether you’re still or moving. Other symptoms depend on the particular cause of your bone pain. Bone pain tends to be more localized and is often described as sharp, especially when there is a fracture. Even the sensation produced by bone cancer has been described as similar to having breaks in the bone. Additionally, bone pain sometimes leads to swelling of the affected area.
Despite the fact that joint pain and bone pain occur in the musculoskeletal framework, they are two unique conditions. Joint pain happens between two bones while bone pain, for the most part, begins inside the bone.
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